) is a proper geographical exonym for Kievan Rus' and other, more local, historical states. The word Ruthenia originated as a Latin rendering of the region and people known originally as Rus'.
Although Rus' is used as the same root word for Russia in the Russian language, the allusion holds a direct link to the ancestors of the Rus', Varangians or Varyags, sometimes called "Vikings" in English publications.
While Galician Ruthenians considered themselves to be Ukrainians, the Carpatho-Ruthenians were the last East Slavic people that kept the ancient historic name (Ruthen is a Latin deformation of the Slavic rusyn).On the same day Hungarian Army fascist regular troops, allies of Adolf Hitler, brutally invaded the region. In 1944 the Soviet Army occupied Carpatho-Ruthenia, and in 1946, annexed it to the Ukrainian SSR. In fact, Soviet and some modern Ukrainian politicians, as well as Ukrainian government claim that Rusyns are part of the Ukrainian nation.Nowadays some of the population in the Zakarpattya oblast of Ukraine consider themselves Rusyns (Ruthenians) yet they are still a part of the whole Ukrainian national identity.In May 1919, it was incorporated with nominal autonomy into Czechoslovakia.After this date, Ruthenian people have been divided among three orientations.